On Vaisakhi day 1699 at Anandpur Sahib, 200 years after Shri Guru Nanak Dev Ji started His mission, our Lord Shri Guru Gobind Singh Ji ordained the ‘Order of the Khalsa’, (Inalienable Sovereignty of the Republic), proclaiming to the World that he had started the 3rd Way. Five magnificent Sikhs, offered their heads to the Guru who made them the ‘Panj Pyare(h).’
Bhai Dharam Singh Ji,
Bhai Himat Singh Ji,
Bhai Mokham Singh Ji,
Bhai Sahib Singh Ji.
He bestowed on them, completing, what is now known as the 5K’s, and gave them moral codes and tenets to abide by. Shri Guru Gobind Singh Ji then became the 6th member of the Order of the Khalsa, after the Panj Pyare(h) accepted him and then baptised him into the Order. On that Vaisakhi day, thousands of other Sikhs were then baptised into the Order of the Khalsa, including prominent Sikhs such as; Baba Deep Singh Ji, Baba Buddha Singh ‘Sisee’, Bhai Mani Singh Ji, Nihang Gurbaksh Singh Ji etc.
The Singhs were ready to accept the finaly of Shri Guru Nanak's Dev Ji's mission, and those inaugurated into the Khalsa, were instructed to fight against oppression, tyranny and injustice. Furthermore, it was a condition of the inauguration that the Singhs must rule. Such a Khalsa would practice the teachings of Nanak; compassion, love, high morals, good ethics and justice as the bedrock to their State, and fight for human-rights.
This Vaisakhi of 1699 when Guru Gobind Singh knighted Sikhs into Singh’s, began a new era in the history of the world, starting with the Punjab, which then in many ways became the centre of historical events leading to the freedom of the country under oppressive Mughal rule. The new watch words of the Singh became Dharam-nash, Karam-nash, Kul-nash & Kirt-nash - were a public declaration to the State and the citizen by the Khalsa of their de-recognition of, disassociation of and destruction of:
- Previous religions
- Previous rites and rituals
- Old family lineage and caste distinctions, &
- Professional prejudices
Guru Gobind Singhs precepts placed the Khalsa on a secure footing and established them to forge civilisation with the following 5 principles:
- the soul of the Khalsa was in tune with the infinite Soul, such political activity being worthy of serious minds;
- an equalitarian and global fraternity in which this activity must be grounded and demonstrated;
- acceptance of new principles of politics, subordinated to those of ethics, resulting in the universal acceptance of the tradition of open diplomacy;
- organisation into the Order of the Khalsa of those who agree to dedicate their lives to and are competent for the furtherance of these political ideas; &
- the vision of a new and regenerated humanity heralded by the Vaisakhi of Guru Gobind Singh, 30 March 1699, symbolised by the day of Vaisakhi, culminating after 230 years of teachings by the 10 Sikh Gurus.
(This article on the principles of the Vaisakhi ideals was authored by Pal Singh. For further information on the Vaisakhi of Shri Guru Gobind Singh, please refer to; Parasaraprasna, Author; Sirdar Kapur Singh).